|- CAPITAL: Amman
- POPULATION, 5.000.000
- TOTAL AREA: 91,880 sq km (35,475 sq mi)
- EXECUTIVE BRANCH: monarch, prime minister, deputy prime minister, Cabinet.
|- INDEPENDENCE: 25 May 1946
(from League of Nations mandate under British
administration; formerly Transjordan)
- CONSTITUTION: 8 January 1952
- INDUSTRIES: phosphate mining, petroleum refining, cement, potash, light manufacturing.
Jordan has historical and archaeological sites, including Jerash, one of the world's best preserved Greco-Roman cities (still undergoing excavation and restoration); Madaba, dating back to the Middle Bronze Age (2000-1500 B. C. ) and mentioned in the Bible as a Moabite town; Petra, the city built of reddish rock formations, lost for centuries until its discovery in the 19th century; and Al Aqabah, established in the 13th century B. C. and Jordan's only seaport.